Search the Article Database:

Search our library of articles, papers and other published materials. You can use keywords or boolean-style search:

A literature review of horn and horn-like structures in vertebrates to correlate placement to function, behavior, and niche.

In this paper, the true horns of bovids are compared to the many horn-like structures found throughout the animal kingdom. Literary sources were reviewed for a variety of horn-like structures. The review was limited to extinct and extant terrestrial vertebrates. 3D models of these organisms’ skulls and “horns” were created or acquired and 3D printed at the same scale to illustrate their differences and similarities and to analysis of their comparative size easier between large and small genera.

View Details + Download

Assessment of the impact of human-wildlife conflict on socio-economic livelihoods of communities bordering Bour-Algy Giraffe Sanctuary in Garissa, Kenya

Purpose: In the recent years, human-wildlife conflicts have been increasing and its implications on biodiversity conservation and livelihood is significant in the drylands of Kenya especially in Garissa County. The link between these conflicts and socio-economic livelihoods has however been less explored in northeast Kenya, which prompted an investigation into the impact of human-wildlife conflict on socio-economic livelihoods of communities bordering Bour-Algy Giraffe Sanctuary in Garissa County. Methodology: A survey was conducted on the locals from the location as well

View Details + Download

Further behavioural parameters support reciprocity and milk theft as explanations for giraffe allonursing

Suckling of a non-filial calf, or allosuckling, is an extreme case of allomaternal care in mammals. There have been many hypotheses postulated in an attempt to explain this behaviour; however, the supporting evidence differs, together with the conclusions drawn from the investigated variables. Previously, suckling bout rejection was analysed, and the milk theft and reciprocity hypotheses were both determined as the most appropriate explanation of allosuckling in giraffe. In this study, seven hypotheses were tested using different behavioural parameters, namely

View Details + Download

Giraffokeryx punjabiensis (Artiodactyla, Ruminantia, Giraffidae) from Lower Siwaliks (Chinji Formation) of Dhok Bun Ameer Khatoon, Pakistan

Fossil remains of Giraffokeryx punjabiensis (premolar and molar teeth belonging to the upper and lower jaws) have been collected and discussed from Chinji Formation of Dhok Bun Ameer Khatoon (32o 47’ 26.4” N, 72° 55’ 35.7” E). All these (twenty one) specimens are isolated teeth, which provide new data and give valuable information on the biostratigrphy and paleoecology of Giraffokeryx punjabiensis as well as the stratigraphy and paleoclimates of these Miocene rocks of the Chakwal district, Pakistan.

View Details + Download

Influence of Aesthetic Appreciation of Wildlife Species on Attitudes towards Their Conservation in Kenyan Agropastoralist Communities

The influence of human aesthetic appreciation of animal species on public attitudes towards their conservation and related decision-making has been studied in industrialized countries but remains underexplored in developing countries. Working in three agropastoralist communities around Amboseli National Park, southern Kenya, we investigated the relative strength of human aesthetic appreciation on local attitudes towards the conservation of wildlife species. Using semi-structured interviewing and free listing (n = 191) as part of a mixed methods approach, we first characterized local aesthetic

View Details + Download

The large fossil mammals from Buia (Eritrea): Systematics, Biochronology and paleoenvironments

This paper offers a preliminary overview on the large fossil mammals (Primates, Hyaenidae, Proboscidea, Rhinocerotidae, Equidae, Hippopotamidae, Suidae, Giraffidae, and Bovidae) from the Early Plestocene sedimentary succession of the Dandiero (Buia) Basin (Danakil Depression, Eritrea). The 1995-1997 Eritrean-Italian fossil collection has been revised and studied. A few significant remains collected during the 2022-2004 field activities have also been included. Eighteen species of mammals have been identified, described and illustrated in the principal specimens. The systematic study allows general conclusions on

View Details + Download

A literature review of horn and horn-like structures in vertebrates to correlate placement to function, behavior, and niche.

In this paper, the true horns of bovids are compared to the many horn-like structures found throughout the animal kingdom. Literary sources were reviewed for a variety of horn-like structures. The review was limited to extinct and extant terrestrial vertebrates. 3D models of these organisms’ skulls and “horns” were created or acquired and 3D printed at the same scale to illustrate their differences and similarities and to analysis of their comparative size easier between large and small genera.

View Details + Download

Night census and infrared technology monitoring of a black rhinoceros’ population and species competition monitoring to inform management action in Tsavo, Kenya

We present the results of the 2019 night census of the black rhino (Diceros bicornis) population in Tsavo West National Park, Kenya. A dedicated rhino sanctuary was established in 1986 as part of efforts by the Kenyan government to safeguard the remaining populations of the critically endangered black rhino, and now contains more than 13% of the national population. In response to the challenges involved in observing black rhinos in their natural habitat, population numbers in the sanctuary are monitored

View Details + Download

Assessment of the success of translocation of giraffe to Sera Wildlife Conservancy based on one-year of post release monitoring

In August 2008, 23 reticulated giraffe were successfully moved from Aberdare Country Club to Sera Wildlife Conservancy. The giraffe were held in a temporary boma at Kauro headquarters for approximately six weeks before being released at the end of September. To facilitate post-release monitoring, individual identification photos and names were determined for 8 giraffe and 3 giraffe were fitted with bridle-type radio collars. Two Sera scouts were trained in post-release monitoring including, individual identification, feeding behaviour, radio-tracking and data collection

View Details + Download

A preliminary investigation into comparative foraging ecology of reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata) and domestic camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Laikipia Kenya.

For a large mammal, giraffes are surprisingly understudied, with much left unknown about their ecology. In fact a recent conference was entitled Giraffe’ – The’ Forgotten’ Megafauna. There are several subspecies of giraffe, the exact number is still debated, but concensus seems to be growing that there are nine. Two subspecies have been formally red>listed by IUCN, and some of the other sub species are in decline. “All over Africa, giraffes are in serious decline. Some 30% may have been

View Details + Download