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Illegal Hunting & The Bushmeat Trade In Savanna Africa: Drivers, Impacts & Solutions To Address The Problem

In this report, the term ‘bushmeat’ is used to denote meat from wild animals that have been hunted illegally, which aside from being used for personal consumption, is often sold commercially. The bushmeat trade has long been recognized as a severe threat to wildlife populations in the forests of West and Central Africa and is considered a conservation crisis in that biome. Far less attention has been focused on the issue in African savannas, perhaps due to a misconception that

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Focus on the Positives: Self-Supervised Learning for Biodiversity Monitoring

We address the problem of learning self-supervised representations from unlabeled image collections. Unlike existing approaches that attempt to learn useful features by maximizing similarity between augmented versions of each input image or by speculatively picking negative samples, we instead also make use of the natural variation that occurs in image collections that are captured using static monitoring cameras. To achieve this, we exploit readily available context data that encodes information such as the spatial and temporal relationships between the input

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Mammal Species Richness at a Catena and Nearby Waterholes during a Drought, Kruger National Park, South Africa

Catenas are undulating hillslopes on a granite geology characterised by different soil types that create an environmental gradient from crest to bottom. The main aim was to determine mammal species (>mongoose) present on one catenal slope and its waterholes and group them by feeding guild and body size. Species richness was highest at waterholes (21 species), followed by midslope (19) and sodic patch (16) on the catena. Small differences observed in species presence between zones and waterholes and between survey

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Wildlife utilization: use it or lose it- a Kenyan perspective

The history, present status, plans for the future and constraints of consumptive utilization of wildlife in Kenya are discussed. Such utilization is considered to be a viable development option and has positive aspects for conservation of the environment and animals. It is proposed that illegal consumptive utilization is at such a level in the country that if it is not brought under control the wildlife population will decline catastrophically. There are numerous constraints of a legal and infrastructural nature which

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Rinderpest epidemic in wild ruminants in Kenya 1993-97

A severe epidemic of rinderpest, affecting mainly wild ruminants, occurred between 1993 and 1997 in East Africa. Buffalo (Suncerus caffer), eland (Taurotragus oryx) and lesser kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis) were highly susceptible. The histopathological changes, notable individual epithelial cell necrosis with syncytia formation, were consistent with an infection with an epitheliotrophic virus. Serology, the polymerase chain reaction, and virus isolation confirmed the diagnosis and provided epidemiological information. The virus was related to a strain which was prevalent in Kenya in the

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The Giraffes of Niger

A century ago, a map showing the distribution of giraffes in Africa would have been coloured from the Mediterranean coast to the South African, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian. Today these tall, quiet, stately creatures of the savanna are seldom found north of the equator, and even more rarely in the western part of the continent. But Véronique Savigny discovered that there is an isolated population of giraffes that shares a small area of south-western Niger with the

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Dependence of large mammals in sub-Saharan Africa on water and water management : a literature review : report to the WWF

Water is essential for life: for plants, for wildlife, for humans. Unfortunately water of good quality is in even greater demand, largely because of increasing human activities. In large parts of the world this demand is expected to continuing growing over the coming decades, as human populations and development continue to increase. At the same time it is predicted that water availability will decrease in large parts of the world because of climate change. WWF – The Netherlands is concerned

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Post-release monitoring of Rothschild giraffe and impala in Ruko Community Wildlife Conservancy

In February 2011, 8 Rothschild’s giraffe were translocated from Soysambu Farm to Ruko Conservancy as the first step in the re-establishment of a population that was once endemic to the Lake Baringo region. Prior to this move, a herd of 33 impala were also taken to the conservancy to boost wildlife populations, attract visitors to the area and generate tourism revenue for the local community. With high water levels in Lake Baringo currently the sanctuary set aside by the community

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