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Assessing Distribution Patterns and the Relative Abundance of Reintroduced Large Herbivores in the Limpopo National Park, Mozambique

This study is the first systematic assessment of large herbivore (LH) communities in Limpopo National Park (LNP) in Mozambique, an area where most LH species were extinct until the early 2000s. We investigate whether LH community parameters are linked with the availability of habitat types or the distance between sampling sites and the origin of LH resettlement. We placed camera traps in five habitat types in resettled and not-resettled areas to compare species richness, relative abundance index, grazers–browsers–mixed feeder and

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South Africa’s private wildlife ranches protect globally signifcant populations of wild ungulates

Reversing biodiversity loss is a global imperative that requires setting aside sufficient space for species. In South Africa, an estimated area of 20 million ha is under wildlife ranching, a form of private land enterprise that adopts wildlife-based land uses for commercial gain. This land has potential to contribute towards biodiversity conservation, but the extent to which this occurs has not been evaluated. Using structured questionnaires of 226 wildlife ranchers, we assessed how the sector contributes towards the conservation of

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The Lower Miocene Libyan Giraffe (Zarafa zelteni Hamilton, 1973) Fossils from Gaza City, State of Palestine

Lower Miocene Libyan Giraffe (Zarafa zelteni = Canthumeryx sirtensis) fossils were known from Al-Hula Lake, North of Palestine, discovered while drying the lake; and from Tel Rakhma (Yeruham) in the Northern Al-Naqab (Negev) Desert, South of Palestine. Recently, In November 2017, an upper jaw fossil measuring 25.5 cm, and a vertebra fossil measuring 12.5 cm, both belonging to the 17.8 million years old primitive Libyan Giraffe (Zarafa zelteni Hamilton, 1973) were discovered in Gaza City, South-west Palestine. The fossils originate

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Megaherbivore impacts on ecosystem and Earth system functioning: the current state of the science

Megaherbivores (adult body mass > 1000 kg) are suggested to disproportionately shape ecosystem and Earth system functioning. We systematically reviewed the empirical basis for this general thesis and for the more specific hypotheses that 1) megaherbivores have disproportionately larger effects on Earth system functioning than their smaller counterparts, 2) this is true for all extant megaherbivore species and 3) their effects vary along environmental gradients. We furthermore explored possible biases in our understanding of megaherbivore impacts. We found that there

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Wonderboompoort, South Africa: A natural game funnel for meat harvesting during the later Acheulean

We revisit Wonderboompoort, South Africa, in terms of its potential to have served as a natural game funnel during the Pleistocene later Acheulean. The geological and ecological time depth of the Magaliesberg landscape, allows us to use the current setting as suitable proxy for understanding past animal and early human land use. We formulate a set of four criteria for natural game-funnelling landscapes. Testing Wonderboompoort against these criteria, we demonstrate that the Magaliesberg range forms a topographic barrier with the

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The Spatio-Temporal System of Giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis, Linnaeus, 1758) in the Osnabrück Zoo / Über das Raum-Zeit-System von Giraffen (Giraffa camelopardalis, Linnaeus, 1758) im Zoo Osnabrück

The study aimed at spatial-temporal behaviour and possible path-use of zoo-giraffes (Osnabrück Zoo). Another aim was to reveal possible connections between external factors and the spatial behaviour of the animals. Results should be used for the restructuring of the giraffes’ outdoor enclosure as well. The herd consisted of one bull, three females and one calf. Data recording took place in July/August 2014 (ca. 170 observing hours, > 2000 scan-points recorded). The animals were observed by scan-sampling-method. For path-use animals were

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Immunocontraception of male and female giraffes using the GnRH vaccine Improvac®

The aim of this study was to develop protocols for contraception in both sexes of giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) by using the GnRH vaccine Improvac®. We evaluated the success of immunization by analyzing fecal reproductive hormone metabolites in female (n = 20) and male (n = 9) giraffes. Endocrine analysis provided the basis for the successful immunization protocol, as well as for assessing long‐term effects. Reliable reduction of fecal steroid metabolites to baseline levels in female giraffes was achieved with three,

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Giraffe: Giraffa camelopardalis – Species Profile for Tasmania Zoo

This pest risk assessment was developed in accordance with Policy and Procedures for the Import, Movement and Keeping of Vertebrate Wildlife in Tasmania (DPIPWE 2011). These set out conditions and restrictions for importation of controlled animals pursuant to S32 of the Nature Conservation Act 2002. This document was prepared for DPIPWE use within the Department only. Giraffe are a natural curiosity and have been widely represented in captivity around the world for centuries. In Australia, they have been present in

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Automated camera trap species recognition made easy: Using entry-level hardware and few training data

Computer vision methods used to analyse camera trap photos are usually computationally expensive, require large training datasets and typically focus on only one species per photograph or rely on static backgrounds between sequential images. In contrast, our proposed method requires only an entry-level computer and relatively few training data while handling multi-species photos with changing backgrounds. It is able to distinguish between four large mammal species common to the Iona–Skeleton Coast TFCA, namely giraffe, impala, oryx and zebra. Trained on

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