The giraffe of Niger are the last in all West Africa. It is threatened. They are both genetically and ecologically distinct from other giraffe and are therefore an important biodiversity remnant. Although baseline research has been limited, it does provide snapshots of what has happened to the population’s numbers and distribution over the past decade. Currently, the population is increasing and genetically healthy, however, its range has been significantly reduced and habitat loss and fragmentation continues to be a major threat. The carrying capacity of giraffe within its current range is unknown, although naturally the population does require seasonal habitats and forage across habitat types. Standardised yearly monitoring has been established and the programs ongoing success is imperative. Ecological research on the giraffe and their habitat is critically important, however, greater collaboration and integration of efforts between government and non-government organizations, coupled with appropriate community based natural resource management, is the key to the survival of these last giraffe in West Africa.