Gambella National Park was initially proposed in 1973, but didn't receive official status at national or federal level until 2014. The Park was proposed primarily to protect its outstanding biodiversity and important wetland habitats, and to protect two large mammal species: the White-eared kob (Kobus kob leucotis) and the Nile lechwe (Kobus megaceros). Currently, the park hosts the largest populations of these species in Ethiopia, and also Elephant (Loxodonta africana), Giraffe (Giraffa cameleopardalis), Buffalo (Syncerus caffer), Lion (Panthera leo) and Shoebill storks (Baleaniceps rex).
In the last decade a number of surveys have been conducted in Gambella Region. This report makes an attempt to compare the results of animal numbers and distribution with the 2013 survey only, because of the heterogeneity of methods used in previous surveys.
The main objective of the survey was to assess the abundance and distribution of the key wildlife species in Gambella NP and surrounding areas and to monitor the livestock, and human activity.