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On elephants, giraffes, and social development

Social development rests on varied assumptions, including the greater effectiveness and efficiency of local over central management, legally endorsed resource control, and the popular ability to take responsibility for the environment. The article outlines the experience of community based natural resource management in Botswana in validating these and other assumptions, and concludes that in some instances, particularly in small rural communities, grassroots development that follows them may not yield the expected outcomes.

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