The frst molecular identifcation and phylogenetic analysis of tick‑borne pathogens in captive wild animals from Lohi Bher Zoo, Pakistan
Tick-borne pathogens are causing severe diseases in livestock, wild animals, and humans. Wild animals play a crucial role in tick-borne pathogens’ transmission life cycle by serving as reservoir hosts or intermediate hosts, posing a continuous risk for domestic animals and humans. The presence of tick-borne pathogens is often ignored in wild animals kept in zoos, which is a public health concern. In the present study, we investigated these pathogens in tick-infested captive wild animal at the Lohi Bher zoo, Pakistan.