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The Giraffes of Niger

A century ago, a map showing the distribution of giraffes in Africa would have been coloured from the Mediterranean coast to the South African, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian. Today these tall, quiet, stately creatures of the savanna are seldom found north of the equator, and even more rarely in the western part of the continent. But Véronique Savigny discovered that there is an isolated population of giraffes that shares a small area of south-western Niger with the

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Interaction entre hommes et girafes dans la zone de distribution de la girafe au Niger

Cette étude qui porte sur l’interaction entre hommes et girafes a été menée dans la zone de distribution de la girafe du Niger dénommée « aire girafe ». Elle a concerné douze (12) villages répartis sur les deux (2) foyers de distribution, la zone centrale et la zone de Fandou. Au total, 218 personnes ont été enquêtées et les données comparées entre villages et entre foyers de troupeau de girafes. Les résultats montrent que les dégâts sur les cultures et

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Identification of the first cases of Peste des Petits Ruminants and Rift Valley Fever viruses in Koure’s Giraffa camelopardalis peralta of Niger Republic

PPR and RVF are two known diseases in domestic ruminants. An annual vaccination Campaign is being done on the first while in 2016 an epidemic outbreak affected both animals and humans in Niger on the second. The aim of this investigation is to assess the circulation of these two diseases in another wild ruminant, specifically Giraffa camelopardalis peralta. Having an average annual increase rate of 10% together with conservation, the giraffe population increases from 56 individuals in 1996 to 607

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The last African white giraffes live in farmers’ fields

The giraffe population (Giraffa camelopardalis) in Niger is the last representative of the peralta sub-species which lived throughout West Africa at the beginning of the twentieth century. Protected since the 1970s, giraffes cohabit with humans in cultivated landscapes. This may not have appeared to pose many problems in the past, but the relationship between farmers and giraffes has deteriorated with the expansion of cultivated land and that of the giraffe population, with reported cases of giraffes damaging crops. A survey

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Giraffe south of the Niger-Benue river system

Although giraffes have been seen occasionally south of the Niger river, there is no evidence that permanent populations occur in this area) and presumably the giraffes either die or return to the northern side. The southern habitats may be unsuitable for two reasons. First, human harassment and habitat modification may prevent the establishment of viable “southern herds”. Secondly, there may be an absence or inadequacy of particular food plants or some other environmental requirement. These speculations emphasize the necessity of

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The Mammals of Nigeria

Distribution: scattered localities in northern Guinea, Sudan, and Sahel savanna zones; not recorded south of the Niger-Benue rivers in Nigeria (Happold 1969, 1978b) (Map 98). Localities: Benue-Pai river region (Lewis 1955); Chingurme-Duguma GR, Kambari GR (Hall 197 6); Falgoro GR (Henshaw and Child 1972); Lame GR (Hall 1976); Sambisa GR (Hall 1976). Old localities not listed (see Status).

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Giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis peralta) of Niger

Thirty years ago giraffes were found all over the Sudano-Sahelian area, from Mauritania to Chad. Over the last 20 years, due to loss of habitat and poaching, giraffe populations have decreased. In Niger large herds were present in the Tanout area, between Agadez and Zinder, but they disappeared because of recurring drought. During the eighties, giraffes were present in the Ayorou area, but suddenly disappeared because of poaching along the Malian border and the 1984 drought. Today the sub-species Giraffa

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The feeding behaviour of giraffe in Niger

The remaining West African giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) are found in Niger (62 individuals in January 1998). Their feeding behaviour was studied by direct observation during two periods of 6 and 12 mo. The giraffe’s diet is diverse: at least 45 plant species were eaten, depending on spatial arrangement and a given plant’s stage of growth. Time spent browsing during the dry season was twice that devoted to browsing during the rainy season (46 and 23 % respectively). Time spent feeding

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Female tannin avoidance: a possible explanation for habitat and dietary segregation of giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis peralta) in Niger

Niger is host to the last free‐roaming herd of G.c. peralta (Giraffa camelopardalis peralta). We examined the foraging preferences of these giraffe in their dry‐season habitats, with the goal of preserving the herd in the regions that they currently inhabit. The current dry‐season habitat comprises two distinct vegetation zones. In both of these zones the giraffe must exist alongside the people of this region. The giraffes exhibit a sexual segregation in their dry‐season habitat selection and forage choices. The females

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Overview of the ecology of the Niger giraffe

The giraffe of Niger are the last in all West Africa. It is threatened. They are both genetically and ecologically distinct from other giraffe and are therefore an important biodiversity remnant. Although baseline research has been limited, it does provide snapshots of what has happened to the population’s numbers and distribution over the past decade. Currently, the population is increasing and genetically healthy, however, its range has been significantly reduced and habitat loss and fragmentation continues to be a major

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